Romania is an European country and a member of the EU since 2007. It’s situated in the South – East of the continent. Almost all of Romania teritory occupies the land of the old Dacia, and the Romanians are direct descends of the Geto-Dacian people.
The geographic landscape of today’s Romania is also known as Carpato-Danubiano-Pontic space, being outlined by the Carpathian Mountains, the Danube River in the South and the Black Sea in the South-East..
Also in Romania, the Danube’s Delta can be found, formed where the three arms of the big river meet the Black Sea. It’s the second largest Delta in Europe (behind the one formed by the river Volga) one of the most well preserved and most beautiful in the world, being part of the Unesco patrimony as Biosfera reservation.
Romania’s landscape is diverse, containing almost all forms, being displayed in symmetric and complementary proportion (35% mountains, 35% hills and 30% plains). The Carpathian Mountains describe a ring shape and inside this ring a tall plain lays Transilvania.
The Romanian Carpathian Mountains are 910 kilometers long (under 600 miles) and at the highest peak they reach 2544 m (Moldoveanu Peak). Outside of the mountains there’s a ring of hills and also the most populated due to abundant underground resources and to a perfect climate for trees and wine growing.
Romania has a continental climate and four seasons, with hot summers and cold snowy winters. The climate is influenced by the presence of the Carpathian Mountains and the Black Sea.
Romania’s flora is divided in three main categories: alpine, forest and steppe; in Danube’s Delta the flora is characteristic to the one of a swamp. Over 3700 species of plants were identified inside Romania’s territory from which 37 were declared monuments of nature.
The fauna is in a tight bond with the vegetation zones, so that in our forests live the largest brown bear population in Europe, but other species can be found there also, like the wolf, the wildcat, the Carpathian deer, the black mountain goat and the wild boar.
The Danube’s Delta, in particular, is the habitat of hundreds of bird species like the pelican, the egret, the swan, the cormoran, the flamingo, the wild goose and the wild duck, and so on, but also animals like the wildcat, the wild pig, and the jackal. In its ponds and canals, but also in the Danube itself, a large variety of fish can be found: carp, catfish, perch, pike, asp and sturgeon.
Due to its geographic placement but also its historic evolution, Romania had a very rich cultural growth. It’s specific elements can be seen in the medieval towns and cities but also in its charming villages where traditions are very well kept by the inhabitants for thousands of years.
Being close to Europe’s border with Asia, where Central Europe, Eastern Europe and South-Eastern Europe meet, the Romanian identity evolved from the Roman and Dacian culture but also integrated elements from the neighboring civilizations in a very unique cultural synthesis.
For someone passionate about nature, architecture, history, art, gastronomy or biology, Romania is an ideal and unforgettable destination.
Cities with Gothic architecture like Sibiu or Brasov in Transilvania, villages where traditions are everlasting, castles and medieval citadels or the breathtaking views over the Carpathian Mountains, the absolutely unique Danube’s Delta or Black Sea’s sunny shores, all of these, are at couple hours drive away from Bucharest, Romania’s capital city, in a very agreeable road trip.